Other Craniofacial Conditions We Treat

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Craniofacial Syndromes We Treat

Our team provides expert diagnosis and advanced treatment for all craniofacial syndromes, including:

Apert syndrome

This genetic condition causes abnormalities of the skull and face. These may include a sunken appearance, wide-set eyes, a beaked nose or some combination of the three.

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS)

This congenital (present at birth) condition can cause a variety of symptoms, including:

  • High birth weight
  • Tall stature during childhood
  • Large tongue
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Large ears
Children born with BWS can be at an increased risk for certain childhood cancers.
Carpenter syndrome

This genetic condition occurs when a baby’s skull closes too early during gestational development. It may affect the top of the skull or the sides of the skull or both areas. Babies with this condition:

  • Are born with a skull that is short from the front to the back
  • Typically have eye sockets that are wide set and seem to slope downwards
  • Often have an upturned nose with large nostrils
  • May have unusual ears
  • May have fingers, toes or hands that are short or fused or both
CHARGE syndrome

This highly complex syndrome affects systems all over the body. It affects each child differently. Some of the most common complications include swallowing and breathing problems, hearing loss, vision loss and trouble with balance.

Crouzon syndrome

This rare congenital condition causes unusual ear, eye and spine development.

Long face syndrome

This syndrome causes the face to appear long and narrow. Children with long face syndrome may have problems with eating, breathing or talking.

Moebius syndrome

In this disorder, the sixth and seventh cranial nerves are missing or underdeveloped, causing problems with eye movements and facial expressions.

Muenke syndrome

This rare genetic condition causes the developing baby’s skull to fuse prematurely during gestation development, leading to a flat face, hearing problems, wide-set eyes or some combination of the three.

Parry-Romberg syndrome

In this syndrome, half of the face begins to atrophy (break down) about the time adolescence starts (around age 10 to 12). Two of the first signs of this syndrome include:

  • Changes to the pigment (color) of the skin on the face
  • Decrease in muscle tone around the mouth and eyes
Parry-Romberg syndrome is extremely rare, and researchers haven’t yet decided if there is a definite genetic link.
Pfeiffers syndrome

This genetic condition affects the growth of the bones of the skull, hands and feet.

Saethre-Chotzen syndrome

SCS causes a baby to be born with:

  • Unusual skull formation
  • Webbing between their fingers
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Small ears
  • Facial asymmetry
  • A low hairline
Most people with SCS have the same level of intelligence as people who don’t have the condition. SCS is caused by an inherited mutation in a gene called TWIST1, which affects the formation of the head and limbs during gestational development.

Craniofacial Procedures

Cranial and Orbital Implants

Your child’s doctor may recommend they undergo a procedure to place cranial implants — small surgical metal implants that help smooth the appearance of a missing area of the face or skull. Orbital implants are specifically used around the eyes to help create a more typical appearance in children who have undergone surgeries or have a craniofacial condition.

Le Fort Procedure

During this procedure, your child’s surgeon separates the upper jaw from the rest of the face and then repositions the jaw. Le Fort is a type of orthognathic surgery.

Pediatric Fat Graft

A fat graft uses fat from another area of the body to fill in sunken or hollow areas of the body.

Pediatric Genioplasty

Doctors use this procedure to change the appearance or function of the chin. Depending on your child’s unique circumstances, their doctor may recommend genioplasty to move the chin forward, move the chin backward, make the chin longer or shorter or move the chin side-to-side to create a more symmetrical appearance.

Porex Ears

Total ear reconstruction using an implant.

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